The United States was a late comer to the sport, and early races were held on dirt country roads. They provided a safer environment for spectators, and also facilitated the development of large-scale tracks in cities. Stock car racing is the most-watched form of auto racing on the North American continent, and is conducted on ovals.
For the most part, touring cars produce roughly 600 horsepower and share the same overall design as their road-going counterparts. Unfortunately, Touring Car racing is most popular in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Australia. The vehicles that are raced in this series are based on road-going production vehicles that have been heavily modified.
These series allow professional and gentlemen drivers to race their exotic cars against each other. The GR Cup is the latest one-make racing series to be introduced by Toyota and its Gazoo Racing (GR) performance sub-brand. The GR Cup will be run in the U.S., and will feature the GR86 as its race car. The GR86 will be converted from a stock model in TRD’s state-of-the-art facility in Mooresville, North Carolina.
In many types of auto races, particularly those held on closed courses, flags are displayed to indicate the general status of the track and to communicate instructions to competitors. While individual series have different rules, and the flags have changed from the first years (e.g., red used to start a race), these are generally accepted. The Rolex Sports Car Series and American Le Mans Series announced a merger between the two series forming the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship starting in 2014.
A “tree,” which is similar to a stoplight, signals the start of the race when it goes from red to a series of yellow lights before turning green. Crossing the starting line before the tree turns green results in a penalty, while crossing one of the sidelines results in a disqualification or a canceled run. While things may not have been official, drivers have always raced against one another in short drag races between the lights. Drag racing may seem easy; rev the engine, wait for the light to turn green, then floor it, but modern drag racing is far more technical than that. Brakes and stopping power also play a major role, as cars are hitting insane speeds over short distances and need to come to a stop quickly. Automobile racing began soon after the invention of the gasoline- (petrol-) fueled internal-combustion engine in the 1880s.
The racers make a preliminary circuit, then run the timed laps, and then finish with a cool-down lap. Time Attack and time trial events differ by competition format and rules. Time Attack has a limited number of laps, time trial has open sessions. Commonly, as the cars are modified road-going cars, they are required to have tires authorized for road use. Things became official when a mechanic named William France formed the National Association for Stock Car Racing (NASCAR) in 1948, uniting the drivers in a single series. While modern NASCAR vehicles wear massive sponsorships, funky paint schemes, and enormous numbers, they still resemble the stock cars that they’re based on.
Sprint, relay, endurance, and handicap races were run at Brooklands, as well as long-distance runs (1,600 km) in 1932. Touring car racing is a style of road racing that is run with production-derived four-seat race cars. The lesser use of aerodynamics means following cars have a much easier time passing than in open-wheel racing. It often features full-contact racing with subtle bumping and nudging due to the small speed differentials and large grids. There are other categories of single-seater racing, including kart racing, which employs a small, low-cost machine on small tracks.